Gingivectomy is a dental surgery that involves a dentist or oral surgeon removing a portion of the gums in the mouth. The procedure is the total removal of a portion of your gums from in and around a tooth or teeth in order to treat gum disease or to lengthen the height or width of a tooth or a section of teeth.
A surgical scalpel is typically used to complete procedures, but a low-frequency laser may be used in some cases. The diseased tissue is cut and removed, and the remaining gums are stitched back in place in and around the teeth. The area is then cleaned with saltwater and specific rinses.
During the procedure, a local anesthetic is given to make the patient comfortable. A surgical dressing, or pack, is placed in and around the teeth and gums once the treatment is completed. This dressing should be left on for about a week. The healing process might be aided by swishing with an antimicrobial mouthwash.
Most patients can return to a normal oral care regimen in less than a month after the procedure. Routine checkups with a dentist ensures that the surgery is a success.